The cyclical nature of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and homelessness demonstrates the need for stable housing for People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Living with HIV increases the risk of becoming homeless and being without a home increases the risk of acquiring and spreading HIV. According to the Office of HIV/AIDS Housing (A division of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development), as much as 10% of the country’s homeless population is living with HIV/AIDS. Having stable housing is a proven intervention that can disrupt this cycle, improve health outcomes for PLWHA and decrease overall spread of the virus.
Presented at the North American Housing and HIV/AIDS Research Summit
This slide deck examines the HOPWA program in New York City and the role of housing in linking people living with HIV to effective medical care and treatment. Policy implications and gap analysis inform continued examination of effective and demographically aware program evaluation.
Key Take Aways: HOPWA clients have significantly higher connection to and participation in their medical care.
Published by Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS, US Department of Housing and Urban Development
Introduces the purpose and role of housing as a method for improving care for people living with HIV. A national perspective and clear imagery details the purposes and outcomes of HOPWA as a tool for improving heath for people living with HIV.
This 2007 article summarizes the data and research in order to support a request for increasing support of housing intervention for people living with HIV/AIDS. The policy recommendations in this document remain pertinent almost a decade later.
Published by HOPWA, US Department of Housing and Urban Development
To commemorate twenty years of HOPWA, the Office of HIV/AIDS Housing issued "HOPWA 20, Housing Innovations in HIV Care." This publication highlights a few of the many successful strategies, models, and collaborations that HOPWA programs have developed to increase housing stability and quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS.
Housing is Healthcare
This paper describes the challenges, methods, and baseline sample of the Housing and Health Study: a longterm, multi-site, randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of providing immediate rental housing assistance to PLWHA who were homeless or at severe risk of homelessness.
Published by North American Housing and HIV/AIDS Research Summit Series
This outline of the research conducted to date concisely describes the fundamental logic model and research asserting the role of housing in ensuring treatment for people living with HIV.
Existing research suggests the HIV/AIDS pandemic is increasingly concentrated among members of vulnerable and marginalized populations, including homeless/marginally-housed individuals. This article reviews the scientific evidence investigating the relationships between inferior housing and the health status, health care access and HIV treatment outcomes of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA.)
The Spectrum of Engagement in HIV Care and it’s Relevance to Test-and-Treat Strategies for Prevention of HIV Infection
In this study, Gardner and colleagues review the potential actions of a person infected with HIV from learning they are infected, to engaging in regular HIV Care, to receiving and adhering to effective medicine regimen. Low rates of testing and barriers to medical care substantially limit the effectiveness of treatment and magnify the challenges to treat and prevent HIV in the United States.
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Sustained Viral Suppression and Transmission Risk Potential Among Persons Receiving HIV Care
United States, 2014
In 2014, fewer black people living with diagnosed HIV infection had sustained viral suppression compared with Hispanics and whites. Among those who were in care and did not achieve sustained viral suppression, black people had viral loads >1,500 copies/mL for approximately half of the 12-month period in 2014; this circumstance can adversely affect their health outcomes and pose a risk for further transmission. Black people aged 13–24 years had the lowest prevalence of sustained viral suppression.
Phase 1 Report of the Fulton County Task force on HIV/AIDS
2015 report on the state of HIV infection in Fulton county, including recommendations for additional housing services throughout the metro area.
Published by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CDC collects, analyzes, and distributes statistical data on HIV infection; these data are one of the nation’s primary sources of information on HIV in the United States. This annual surveillance report, published by the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, summarizes information about diagnosed HIV infection in the United States examining metropolitcan areas, demographics and risk factors.
Published by Georgia Department of Public Health
A summary of CDC collected data as it pertains specifically to Metropolitan Atlanta
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Housing & Homelessness
Published by National Alliance to End Homelessness
This report uses the most recently available data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Census Bureau, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics to present national and state trends in homelessness, populations at risk of homelessness, and the types and utilization of homeless assistance.